The Morality of Frantz Fanon’s Philosophy of Violence

Chuka Fidelis Aghamelu and Cyril Emeka Ejike
Keywords: Fanon, morality, situationism, utilitarianism, violence
Tropical Journal of Arts and Humanities 2019 1(1), 13-26. Published: August 13, 2019


Abstract

This paper examines Fanon‟s justification for violence within the context of anti-colonial struggle vis-à-vis the situationism and utilitarianism in which morality in the colonial world seems to be grounded. It employs the method of analysis to establish whether Fanon‟s justification for violent struggle meets the moral standards of situationism and utilitarianism. The research finds that deleterious effects of violent resistance on both the colonisers and the colonised make Fanon‟s commitment to creation of new humanity and restoration of human dignity through violence counter-productive. This is because his violence-laden decolonisation view tends to engender disastrous consequences for humanity, contrary to beneficial consequences of an action which distinctively define situationism and utilitarianism. Thus, Fanon‟s justification for counter-violence falls short of moral standards of both situationism and utilitarianism. The paper concludes therefore, that though we act and decide in a situation, we are morally obliged to weigh the pros and cons of our moral choices and actions, and opt for acts that relatively promote humanity for the common good.