Pre-Service Science Teachers, Gender, and Self-Efficacy Beliefs About School Climate in Nigeria

Rachel Ovuezirie Atomatofa
Keywords: Pre-service science teachers, School climate, Self-efficacy beliefs, Gender
Tropical Journal of Education 2019 1(1/2), 1-13. Published: March 4, 2020


Abstract

Teachers are the implementers of the curriculum goals of all subjects in schools. No matter how good the curriculum goals are, the success depends largely on the teachers whose beliefs about the school climate can affect their performance. This study finds out the differences between male and female pre-service science teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs about their schools’ climate in each of the 7 subscales in the Bandura Teacher’s self-efficacy scale. A total of 100 pre-service teachers (39 males and 61 females) were used for the study. The instrument used was the standardized version of Bandura Teacher’s self-efficacy scale containing a total of 30 items in 7-subscales on a 4-points scale. The quantitative data generated with the instrument were analysed using t-test on SPSS stat. Results showed that although there were differences between male and female preservice teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs about their school climate in all of the 7 subscales; no significant difference was found between the male and female’ pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs in 6 of the subscales. But there was a significant difference between males and female pre-service science teachers’ selfefficacy beliefs in creating a positive school climate in favour of the males. The males generally had higher means and positive self-efficacy beliefs in 6 of the subscales. It was interesting to note that although the males had a higher mean than the females in their self-efficacy belief about decision making in the school, however both the males and females had low means and lacked positive self-efficacy to make decisions in their schools. Recommendations were made on how to improve self-efficacy beliefs of male and female teachers about their school climate in areas where they had negative self-efficacy.