Administrative Variables of Principals and Job Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Anambra and Delta States, Nigeria

Friday Ebelechukuka Okochi
Keywords: Administrative Variables Influence Performance Principals Public Secondary schools
Tropical Journal of Education 2019 1(1/2), 27-44. Published: March 4, 2020


Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate administrative variables of principals’ and job performance in public secondary schools in Anambra and Delta States, Nigeria. Four research questions were raised and answered, while three null hypotheses were formulated and tested to guide the study. The researcher reviewed related literature in the study and adopted ex-post facto design. The population of the study was seven hundred and three (703) principals in Anambra and Delta States. This population was 254 principals in Anambra State and 449 principals in Delta State public secondary schools. A sample of four hundred and twenty-one (421) principals representing 60% of the target population was sampled using stratified random sampling technique. The instrument utilized for collection of data was a questionnaire titled “Administrative Variables on Job Performance of Principals Questionnaire (AVJPPQ). Validity of the instrument was established through judgement of experts and Split Half method was used to establish the reliability. The sets of scores were correlated with Pearson Product Correlational Coefficient (r) test was utilized to score the instrument. The overall reliability coefficient of 0.73 was established. Three hundred and fifty-two (352) copies representing 83.6 % of the instrument administered were returned (Anambra State 133 and Delta State 219). The research questions were answered with mean rating and standard Deviation while z test was utilized to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Items on the instrument were scored based on the four points scoring scale. Findings in the study signified that level of performance of principals in Anambra and Delta States on influence of administrative variables was low, the administrative variable such as funding, security of school environment and school monitoring influence the performance of principals in Anambra and Delta States positively as the ratings of the principals were higher than the criterion level of acceptance. There was no significant difference on the influence of funding, security of school environment and school monitoring of administrative variables of principals and job performance in public secondary schools in Anambra and Delta States. It concluded that administrative variables such as funding, security of school environment, and school monitoring influence positively on job performance of principals in Anambra and Delta States. It was recommended among others in the study that fund should be provided by government to enhance school administration.