Information literacy skills as predictor of electronic information resources use by undergraduates of public universities in Southwestern Nigeria

Kenneth Ivo Ngozi Nwalo and Bilikis Adefunke Babarinde
Keywords: Information literacy skills, electronic information resources, undergraduates
Journal of Library Services and Technologies 2022 4(2), 51-68. Published: December 30, 2022


Abstract

The importance of Electronic Information Resources (EIRs) for academic activities has been widely acknowledged. However, regardless of its overwhelming benefits, findings have shown that undergraduates of public universities in southwestern Nigeria exhibit low use of EIRs which affects their academic performance. This has been attributed to information literacy skills. This study, therefore, was carried out to examine information literacy skills as a predictor of Electronic Information Resources (EIRs) use by undergraduates of public universities in southwestern Nigeria. The survey design of the correlational type was adopted. The multi-stage sampling procedure was used. Five states (Oyo, Ogun, Osun, Ekiti and Lagos) were purposively selected in southwestern Nigeria. The purposive sampling technique was used to select eight public universities with four common academic faculties (science, engineering/technology, arts/humanities and social science) in the selected states. The proportionate to size sampling technique was used to select 1378 undergraduates across the faculties. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Pearson product moment correlation. Findings from the study revealed that the level of information literacy skills of the undergraduates in Southwestern Nigeria is fair (overall weighted mean = 2.42). The EIRs were prominently used for classwork/assignment, project writing, knowledge update, group/individual practical works and tutorials. The frequency of use of electronic information resources by undergraduates in universities in Southwestern Nigeria is high (Weighted mean = 3.41). Majority of the undergraduates accessed e-databases, web 2.0, e-books, library website, the internet and e-mail both at home and campus environment. The study also revealed that information literacy skills significantly predicted electronic information resources use by undergraduates in universities in Southwestern Nigeria, (F=5.869, P < .05). Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that adequate and periodic training on information literacy of undergraduates will improve the information literacy skills of undergraduates as most of the undergraduates investigated were found to have moderate information literacy skills. There is therefore the need to incorporate information literacy skills and use of library in the curriculum of undergraduate students at all level of studies. This will enable them to adequately possess the requisite skills required for effective utilisation of electronic information resources.